Thursday, January 9, 2020

An Ideal Hero Greek vs. Roman Essay - 1527 Words

Evans HUM 2210 REVIEW SHEET EXAM 1 LISTS 1. Features that identify a society as civilized a. Agriculture (irrigation) and breeding of animals = surplus food (goats, peig, cattle, sheep). Wheat, barley, rice, and maize.(SciTech- polish stone tools. Ex: stone sickles) b. Cities: large apartment settlements= standard architecture surplus manpower c. Writing (â€Å"gifts of the gods†)= records. Pictograph, ideogram, cuneiform. d. Institutions for centralized inherited power . - Priesthood for centralized sacred ritual . - Kingship for centralized political and social structure (Paraoh= kings in Egypt) . 2. Geographical areas of early civilizations†¦show more content†¦Truth is painful. c. Logic: Aristotle - Student of Plato, founded school in Athens, 335 B.C. - Organized natural sciences into biology, zoology, botany - Theory of Universals: Inductive Science: Universals discovered from particulars, therefore studying the material world can (only) produce universals/ absolutes. Plato’s dualism devalued study of material world. - Deductive/Formal Logic for ethics and science Hellenistic: a. Epicuranism - Founder: Epicurus (341-271 B.C.) - Atomist: all matter made up of atoms so all forms are random; no controls - No afterlife: death= end; no judgment - Absolute free will: each creates own destiny; absolute individuality - Goal of life: Pleasure (hedone hedonism) *individual pleasure - society would crush Pleasure: absence of pain. Pain unsatisfied desires. Minimal desires Peace pleasure; harmony = agreement between desires and fulfillment. Life of Moderation (Ex: cr edit card vs. cash budget). b. Stoicism *Resistance cause pain, learn to live the Stoic life. - Founder: Zeno (334-262 B.C.) - Social Logos (=Heraclitus): All natural and society controlled by reason. The destiny of one is the FOR THE GOOD OF THE WHOLE. Happiness Show MoreRelated The Source and Cause of Violent Tendencies in Humans Essay4060 Words   |  17 Pagesin which being male does not mean a preoccupation with toughness and staying in control but includes the full range of openly expressed human feelings, including nurturing and caring† (Adams). World War I was a chance for young men to try and be the hero and fulfill â€Å"the desire to prove their manhood† (Mosse 24). 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